Abbot NC, Beck JS, Carnochan FMT et al. Pathology Department, University of Dundee, United Kingdom. J Appl Physiol, 1994, 77:767-73.
Summary: Transcutaneous PO2 and PCO2 measurements and estimates of skin respiration were monitored at different levels of inspired PO2 in 20 healthy adults during the first 4 days of the tuberculin reaction, a convenient model of acute inflammation. Hyperoxia at 1 and 2 ATA significantly increased transcutaneous PO2 levels in undisturbed and in inflamed skin but did not fully correct the relative hypoxia at the site of inflammation. Hypercapnia was reduced with O2 breathing at 2 ATA. The apparent rate of O2 consumption at the reaction site was raised during hyperoxia, most prominently at 2 ATA. The most intense reactions showed a central relative slowing of laser-Doppler blood flow indicative of microcirculatory impairment. The extent of the relative hypoxia and hypercapnia was greatest in these strongest reactions. The density of lymphocytes and monocytes in biopsies of 48-h reactions was loosely related to the corresponding transcutaneous PO2 measurements.
The present study provides evidence that diffusion barriers, in addition to increased local respiration, can contribute to the apparent hypoxia and hypercapnia of this inflammatory model
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